Sometimes, the internal part of a tooth called the pulp suffers from infection and damage. Root Canal treatment often allows us to save such a tooth from being extracted. The common causes of a pulp infection are a deep cavity, a cracked tooth, trauma, or repeated dental treatment to the tooth. The term "root canal" comes from cleaning of the canals inside the tooth's root.
The need to remove the pulp arises because it breaks down when it gets damaged, and when it does, bacteria begin to multiply and could later cause infection or an abscessed tooth. When this is also not addressed quickly and left untreated, the infection in the root canal of a tooth can cause swelling that may spread to other areas of the neck, head or face, bone loss around the tip of the root and drainage problems extending outward from the root.
Listed below are some of the symptoms of an infected pulp:
- pain when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and drinks
- a loose tooth
- pain when biting or chewing
- pus oozing from the affected tooth
- swelling of the gum near the affected tooth
- darkening of the tooth
- facial swelling
A root canal procedure begins with numbing of the tooth and its surrounding tissues. A dental dam is then placed over the affected tooth and nearby teeth to isolate it from the rest of the mouth. A small hole is made in the biting surface of the tooth to access the pulp. The diseased tissues are then removed, and the canals are disinfected thoroughly. The canals are then shaped and filled with filling material to seal them. An antibiotic may be prescribed to treat or prevent infection, and a restoration such as a crown is placed to protect the treated tooth.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of a pulp infection, contact our office for an evaluation immediately. You can call us at (480) 409-9799.